Austria’s energy and climate minister Leonore Gewessler told EURACTIV in an exclusive interview that her country was ready to go to court if the EU decides to include nuclear power into the bloc’s taxonomy on sustainable finance.
In October, European Commission
President Ursula von der Leyen announced that the EU executive would
soon table proposals on gas and nuclear as part of the bloc’s
sustainable finance taxonomy, a set of rules designed to provide
investors with a common definition of what is green and what is not.
A group of twelve EU countries,
led by France and Finland, want nuclear energy included, arguing it is a
low-carbon energy source and that radioactive waste can be handled
safely if appropriate measures are taken.
But Austria would be ready to challenge that decision in front of the European Court of Justice said Leonore Gewessler, the Austrian minister for climate protection and energy.
“There is no legal basis for including nuclear power in the EU taxonomy,” Gewessler said adding that, “Yes, if the EU taxonomy includes nuclear energy, we are ready to challenge that in court.”
Austria is at the centre of a
five-country alliance bringing together Denmark, Germany, Luxembourg and
Portugal, which seeks to prevent the inclusion of nuclear energy in the
EU’s green finance rules. The alliance was launched during the COP26 climate summit in Glasgow.
For Gewessler, “the credibility of the taxonomy is at stake” when deciding how to classify nuclear under the EU’s green finance rules.
The Austrian energy and climate ministry commissioned a legal analysis earlier this year,
which found that “that the inclusion of nuclear energy is not
compatible with the legal basis of Article 10 of the Taxonomy
Regulation,” she said.
“We have a great responsibility here, in terms of taxonomy, to remain
consistent and coherent” with the ambitions of the European Green Deal
and maintain trust in the financial markets, she argued.
“The considerable damage caused by
nuclear energy is well documented historically,” she explained, citing
“the dangers of nuclear power itself” as evidenced by the Chernobyl and
The safe disposal of spent radioactive
fuel is also a matter of concern. “We have not yet found a global
solution for…the question of final storage,” she said.
Besides, nuclear power “is much too
expensive and much too slow to make a contribution” to the bloc’s
climate goals, Gewessler continued.
The next-generation French reactor
currently being built at Flamanville, whose construction started in
2007, has been massively delayed, with completion now scheduled in 2023
while costs have increased fivefold, she remarked.
Earlier this month, leading French EU lawmaker Pascal Canfin proposed letting nuclear energy and gas in the taxonomy as “transition” energy sources while the bloc pursues its long-term switch to renewable energy sources.
Canfin’s suggestion is to label gas a “transition” investment when it
replaces coal and provided strict emission thresholds are met.
But Gewessler rejected that proposal too. “Just because something is
less bad than coal doesn’t make it good or sustainable. It is still
fossil energy,” she said....
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