Follow Us

Follow us on Twitter  Follow us on LinkedIn

Contact Details:

To request more information please call +44(0)1424 777123
or email us at:


Welcome to Graham

(Graham Bishop was a member of this Group, and an author) 

ELEC position paper: Why EU Capital Markets Union has become a “must have” and how to get there – ELEC Group of Wise Persons

Its report highlighted the need for CMU - with five concrete proposals for action by EU policymakers on insolvency proceedings, securitisation, stimulating retail investment, expand ESMA's powers, check feasibility of a globally significant `safe asset'. 

Executive Summary

Five proposals for policymakers
1. Harmonise the key elements of corporate insolvency proceedings and consider adopting an opt-in regime based on international standards, perhaps by “enhanced co-operation” among a willing group of Member States
2. Create the conditions for securitisations to become a complement to bank finance
3. Stimulate retail investment via an array of actions including tax incentives and more auto-enrolment in pension funds
4. Empower ESMA to become the supervisor of wholesale capital markets via joint supervisory teams with national competent authority (NCA) staff
5. Investigate the feasibility of developing the ultimate High Quality Liquid Asset for financial institutions – a “safe asset” in the form of a Eurobill fund

Five reasons why CMU has moved from being `nice to have’ to `must have’:
1. Europe’s green and digital ambitions require more private capital and a more efficient deployment of the existing stock
2. Efficient financial markets with modest asset management fees can produce and protect wealth for ageing populations
3. Mature capital markets provide cheaper and more diversified sources of funding, spurring innovation and economic growth
4. Developed capital markets promote Europe’s strategic autonomy
5. Deep and integrated capital markets strengthen financial stability by facilitating risk-sharing, reducing the strong reliance on bank finance and pricing risks efficiently

more at ELEC-LECE

European League for Economic Co-operation

(ELEC  is a network of European entrepreneurs of goodwill, aimed at putting timely intellectual pressure on European decision makers to further economic integration in Europe. It acts in complete independence from national or private interests, public authorities or any pressure groups.)


My recent papers on the City of London after Brexit have stirred great interest  - with several videos.


Three years after leaving the EU, there are no discernible signs of any benefits for UK finance. There are multiplying signs of a lack of substance to the initial, bold slogans. I polled the audience on whether the UK will become a `rule-taker' for green and digital finance? I was very surprised at the strength of the audience response: 84% agreed strongly/somewhat and only 11% disagreed somewhat!



In this latest Federal Trust video, Graham Bishop describes the growing risks to the City of London from Brexit. He contrasts the methodical approach of the European Union to building its Capital and Banking Union with the confused rhetoric of the British government. He concludes by warning that a smaller City of London will be able to contribute less to the already stretched public finances of the UK.


Brendan Donnelly is the Director of the Federal Trust and a former Conservative MEP. Graham Bishop is a member of the Federal Trust and an analyst and commentator on economic affairs.


Subscribe to our weekly e-mail service (with live links) for just €5 per month 

Our famous `five-minute read' email includes the `Highlights of my Week' - a pithy 200-word summary of the week's key events across all sectors of financial market regulation: banking union, CMU, ESG, fintech and, of course, Brexit.

Why do you need this?

Many investment professionals must be knowledgeable and competent - by holding a qualification that goes beyond the technical details of their particular speciality and having a breadth of understanding of the financial system as a whole. MiFID II came into force in 2018 and set these standards.

How can help you?

Our unique knowledge centre - now at about 55,000 articles over more than two decades - is an ideal background to follow the flow of the integration process. We add 30-40 articles each week – carefully curated by Graham Bishop personally to provide the updates to that breadth of general financial knowledge, but combined with specific details of the legislative activities of ECOFIN, ECON, DG FISMA, ESMA, EBA and EIOPA.



Over the summer, I have drawn together a collection of my earlier works on the possible role of “market discipline” in ensuring financial stability in the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). My first paper was published by Salomon Brothers in 1989 during the Maastricht Treaty negotiations and the final paper in the series was published in 1993.

My central point was that public debts denominated in a currency that a government could not order to be “printed” – the euro – had a fundamentally different credit quality than paper money that could be printed at will – in extremis. That different quality should be reflected properly in the newly developed system of risk weightings for banks holding public debt as a core asset. This argument was seen as an `inconvenient truth’ at the time.

Three decades on, Italy’s blocking of revision to the ESM Treaty and Germany’s unwillingness to complete the European Deposit Insurance Scheme (EDIS) illustrate that risks to financial stability remain significant – if merely latent. 

A small selection of my videos is below but the full range is available to subscribers at Graham's articles


Federal Trust VIDEO with Bishop and Stevens: Brexit is Crippling the City of London

In this video, our Council member, financial expert Graham Bishop, reviews the prospects for the City of London after Brexit. He argues that the British government’s “Edinburgh reforms”, designed to help the City, are little more than pro-Brexit propaganda. They will usually make little difference and in some cases risk repeating the mistakes which led to the financial crisis of 2007-2009


Studio Europa Maastricht: Looking back at ‘Euro at 20: shifting paradigms?’ - Graham Bishop's contribution

Studio Europa Maastricht organised the conference Euro at 20: shifting paradigms? to commemorate the 20-year anniversary of the euro and the EMU. In this blogpost we will share all photos, videos and transcripts of the day with you.

About Euro at 20  

At Euro at 20 economists, politicians, journalists and central bankers engaged in dynamic discussions with each other and the many attendees. The conference consisted of keynote lectures and various sessions on topics about the euro and the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU).


The general consensus of the experts was that the euro and the EMU structure it was built on have come a long way in the last 30 years. However, there were also critical voices that stated there are still challenges to overcome. Notably, the proposed solution to these challenges can be summarised in one word: solidarity. Be it through fiscal transfers, EU recovery funds or Eurobonds, solidarity is imperative for protecting and sustaining the EMU’s unique yet fragile equilibrium.

It was inspiring to hear the constructive visions the diverse group of attendees had on the euro’s future. The Q&A sessions that followed the panels allowed for lively debate between experts and the audience on the actions needed to reach this envisioned future. What everyone could agree on, however, was that the currency policymakers had in mind when signing the Maastricht Treaty, is one worth working for.  

Studio Europa Maastricht


Financial Services Club/ZYen video with Alderman Mainelli and Graham Bishop: Brexit: Ending the City's Dominance of European Finance?



Among other implications, the loss of its status as the main Euro clearing centre might also put in jeopardy its role as the leading global US Dollar hub.

__________________________________________________________________________ analysis targets the interaction of the driving forces of politics and economics as they force the required changes in financial regulation – at the macro level rather than covering the micro aspects of detailed implementation. These are precisely the topics where a well-informed financial professional should remain competent – as part of their Continuing Professional Development (CPD).

Consultancy Financial Services Deepening EMU Education and Learning