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Our ESG coverage includes specialist sub-categories for environmental and governance policies.

'Green finance' generally refers to the process of taking due account of environmental and social considerations when making investment decisions, leading to increased investment in longer-term and sustainable activities.

More specifically, environmental considerations refer to climate change mitigation and adaptation, as well as the environment more broadly and the related risks (e.g. natural disasters). Social considerations may refer to issues of inequality, inclusiveness, labour relations, investment in human capital and communities.

The governance of public and private institutions, including management structures, employee relations and executive remuneration, plays a fundamental role in ensuring the inclusion of social and environmental considerations in the decision-making process.

All three components – environmental, social and governance (ESG) – are integral parts of sustainable economic development and finance.

In the EU's policy context green finance is understood as finance to support economic growth while reducing pressures on the environment and taking into account social and governance aspects. Green finance also encompasses transparency on risks related to ESG factors that may impact the financial system, and the mitigation of such risks through the appropriate governance of financial and corporate actors. European Commission Overview

Environmental, Social, Governance (ESG)

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2002 Environmental, Social, Governance (ESG)
2002-11-05 EPFSF: The Integrity of Financial Markets Accounting Scandals and Corporate Governance
2002-11-04 Report of the High Level Group of Company Law Experts
2002-07-27 FEE reply to Consultation Document of High Level Group of Company Law Experts
2002-07-26 EACB replies to Consultation Document of High Level Group of Company Law Experts
2002-07-17 EMAC: Call for Joint Action to Restore Market Confidence
2002-07-11 Bolkestein speech: Speeding up the Consolidation of European Financial Markets
2002-07-10 EP: Public Hearing on Supervision after Enron
2002-07-10 Bush: A New Ethic of Corporate Responsibility
2002-06-21 Sir Howard Davies: Rethinking the Listing Regime
2002-06-03 Commission proposes simplifying and modernising the provision of company information
2002-04-25 Consultation procedure on European Company Law framework
2002-04-18 Commission published repercussions of Enron Case

Prior Years Reports