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Our ESG coverage includes specialist sub-categories for environmental and governance policies.

'Green finance' generally refers to the process of taking due account of environmental and social considerations when making investment decisions, leading to increased investment in longer-term and sustainable activities.

More specifically, environmental considerations refer to climate change mitigation and adaptation, as well as the environment more broadly and the related risks (e.g. natural disasters). Social considerations may refer to issues of inequality, inclusiveness, labour relations, investment in human capital and communities.

The governance of public and private institutions, including management structures, employee relations and executive remuneration, plays a fundamental role in ensuring the inclusion of social and environmental considerations in the decision-making process.

All three components – environmental, social and governance (ESG) – are integral parts of sustainable economic development and finance.

In the EU's policy context green finance is understood as finance to support economic growth while reducing pressures on the environment and taking into account social and governance aspects. Green finance also encompasses transparency on risks related to ESG factors that may impact the financial system, and the mitigation of such risks through the appropriate governance of financial and corporate actors. European Commission Overview

Environmental, Social, Governance (ESG)

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2005 Environmental, Social, Governance (ESG)
2005-12-20 Commission consultation on corporate governance priorities
2005-11-29 Council general approach on public limited liability companies
2005-11-07 Minutes of second Corporate Governance Advisory Group meeting
2005-09-20 Council adopted Directive on Cross-Border Mergers
2005-08-31 Minutes of the European Corporate Governance Forum
2005-08-27 EVCA Corporate Governance Guidelines
2005-08-27 EVCA Guidelines
2005-07-22 Commission reports satisfactory progress in eliminating ‘golden shares’
2005-04-28 OECD Guidelines on Corporate Governance of State-Owned Enterprises
2005-04-28 FEE proposal on amending Fourth and Seventh Directives
2005-02-21 FEE proposal to amend the Fourth and Seventh Directives

Prior Years Reports